What is Prostate CancerProstate cancer is a type of cancer causes most deaths in men number three. For men aged over 74 years, is the major cancers that cause death. Prostate cancer is rare in men under 40 years old.
Prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms outstanding (extraordianary), because cancer cells grow slowly and spread very slowly. If not careful, people realized Ketka cancer has reached an advanced stage. Here are some signs of prostate cancer should be aware of:
- You can take several seconds to start urinating / remove urine
- Urine flow is not smooth or discontinuous; urine / urine flows slowly and it took a long time to urinate. This is caused by partial blockage in the flow of urine through the urethra
- Feeling "you left": although you've finished urinating, but you still have not had to go all out; urine still dripping though has finished urinating; few moments later, a little urine is "left behind" all of a sudden out so wetting your knickers
- Red urine (with blood)
- You have trouble holding urine
- You often feel dying for a pee and the frequency of sudden you become more frequent urination
- You often wake up at night to urinate
- You feel pain when urinating or ejaculating or during defecation
- You feel pain in lower back
- You feel pain at the base of the penis (if the cancer is already advanced stage)
Some of the above symptoms are normal symptoms are common in older men because prostate enlargement normal (not cancerous). If you are in doubt you should see a doctor. If left untreated, prostate cancer can spread to the bones (particularly the pelvic bones, ribs and spine) or to the kidneys (causing kidney failure).
DIAGNOSIS / PROSTATE CANCER DETECTION
Here are some methods for the diagnosis of prostate cancer:
- Measuring the emission of urine: a tool named uriflowmetri, how much emission can be measured in urine. Flow is weak or interrupted urine is an early indication to continue the investigation.
- Digital rectal: the doctor inserts a finger into your rectum to feel the back of the prostate gland, to detect prostate enlargement or hardening. In cancer patients have a hard lump of irregular shape.
- Blood tests: measuring levels of prostate-specific antigen (Prostate-Specific Antigen / APS) in the blood. PSA is a protein produced by prostate cells (both normal cells and cancer cells). Increasing age, the amount of PSA production grew. High PSA levels may indicate cancer.
- Urine analysis: high levels of PCA3 in urine may indicate prostate cancer. This test is more accurate than the PSA test.
- Biopsy: take a sample of prostate tissue for examination under a microscope.